Financial focus: Study your history about market volality

-A A +A
By The Staff

It happens every time the stock market drops: investors question their strategy, their luck and their timing -- all in an attempt to determine what went wrong and what they should have done differently. But if you, as an individual investor, really want to know how to respond to today's market decline, you need to look back at yesteryear.

To begin with, market declines are part of the investment process. Over the past century, the stock market has averaged one "correction"-- defined as a decline of 10 percent or more a year Furthermore, on average the stock market has declined 20 percent or more once every three or four years. So, instead of thinking that a severe market decline is a once-in-a-lifetime disaster that "just had to happen" while you were investing, keep in mind that market declines are normal, frequent and, for the most part, short-term. And if you're a long-term investor, these declines usually offer an opportunity to buy quality investments at a lower price.

What other lessons related to a declining market can you learn from looking back in time? Here's one: Over the long term, quality stocks have historically outperformed quality bonds. This fact should be of particular interest to you, if, like many investors affected by a market decline you begin to wonder if you should scale back on your stock investments in favor of "safer," more conservative vehicles. But look at the numbers: From 1926 to 2008, large stocks returned 10.4 percent per year, long-term government bonds returned 5.5 percent and corporate bonds returned 5.9 percent. While it's true that past performance is not an indication of future results, it's also apparent that if you want to give your money the potential to grow-and grow at a pace that can keep you